Saturday, 13 February 2016

Sepia Saturday 317; Four;

Four-leaf clover  symbols and superstitions;

Italian automobile maker Alfa Romeo used to paint a four leaf clover, or quadrifoglio, on the side of their racing cars. This tradition started in the 1923 Targa Florio race, when driver Ugo Sivocci decorated his car with a green clover on a white background.
Los Angeles based space exploration company SpaceX include a four leaf clover on each space mission embroidered patch as a good luck charm.
Inclusion of the clover has become a regular icon on SpaceX's flight patches ever since the company's first successful Falcon 1 rocket launch in 2008, which was the first mission to feature a clover "for luck" on its patch.
 Celtic Football Club, a soccer team from Glasgow Scotland, have used the four leaf clover as the club's official badge for over 40 years.

Genuine four-leaf clovers come from the White Clover plant, trifolium repens. A true four-leaf clover, its fourth leaf is usually smaller than the other three leaves. 

What do the leaves symbolize?
One leaf is for FAITH...   The second for HOPE...  The third for LOVE...   And the fourth for LUCK!

The four leaf clover as accepted symbol of good luck, has an age old history. The clovers were valued in the cultural life of early peoples. White clover (T. repens  L.) was held in high esteem by the early Celts of Wales as a charm against evil spirits. Druids considered the 4 leaf clover  to bring them good luck.
The four-leaf clover is a rare variation of the common three-leaved clover. Good  luck of  a four leaf  clover is  especially enhanced  if found accidentally! (4 and 5 leaf clovers are also bred and cultivated.)

Clovers can have more than four leaves: Five-leaf clovers are less commonly found naturally than four-leaf clovers; collectors, particularly in Ireland, regard the five-leaf clover, known as a rose clover, as a particular prize. In very rare cases, clovers are able to grow with six leaves or more in nature.

A four leaf clover is as rare as 1 in 10’000. Its relative rarity  suggests a possible recessive gene appearing at a low frequency, or  a somatic mutation,  or a developmental error of environmental causes. This means that multiple four-leaf clovers could be found in the same clover plant.

Researchers from the University of Georgia have reported finding the gene that turns ordinary three-leaf clovers into the coveted four-leaf types. Masked by the three-leaf gene and strongly influenced by environmental condition, molecular markers now make it possible to detect the presence of the gene for four-leaves and for breeders to work with it. The results of the study, which also located two other leaf traits in the white-clover genome, were reported in the July/August 2010 edition of Crop Science, published by the Crop Science Society of America.

The other leaf traits, the red fleck mark and red midrib, a herringbone pattern that runs down the center of each leaflet in a bold red color, were mapped to nearby locations, resolving a century-old question as to whether these leaf traits were controlled by one gene or two separate genes.

White clover has many genes that affect leaf color and shape, and the three in the study were very rare. These traits can be quite attractive, particularly if combined with others, and can turn clover into an ornamental plant for use in flower beds.
Farms in the US  specialize in four-leaf clovers, producing as many as 10,000 a day, sealed in plastic as "lucky charms". 
Courtesy excerpts from Wikipedia/ photos Pinterest

Wednesday, 10 February 2016

Wednesday; Hydrogen Peroxide=Oxygen water;

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE  amazingly versatile;

By some it is called a miracle substance.
HP is safe to use, available at the chemist and cheap as well.

Hydrogen peroxide should  be called oxygen water,  basically it has the same chemical make up as water but with an extra oxygen atom (H2O2). Thist breaks it  down quickly and harmlessly into oxygen and water.

More facts about hydrogen peroxide:

It is found in all living material.

White blood cells  produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to fight bacteria and infections.
Fruit and vegetables naturally produce hydrogen peroxide. 
It is found in  the mother’s first milk, called colostrum, and is transferred to the baby to boost its immune system.

It is also found in rain water, the H20 in the atmosphere receives an additional oxygen atom from ozone (O3) and this H2O2 makes plants grow faster.

Wash vegetables and fruits with hydrogen peroxide to remove dirt and pesticides. Add 1/4 cup of H2O2 to a sink of cold water. After washing, rinse thoroughly with cool water.

There are  many, many and even more uses for HP.
In the dishwasher for a sanitizing boost
As a mouthwash;
Brushing your teeth a mix of soda, salt  and HP
Clean your kitchen, counter tops and cutting boards.
It is not toxic, it’s great to clean places that store food and dishes, refrigerator etc.

Remove baked-on crud from pots and pans. 

Help for your plants, ward off fungus, add a little hydrogen peroxide to your pray bottle  to treat your plants.

Tuesday, 9 February 2016

Tuesday; fungi fun...

The rain has brought not just welcome wet for the garden it also has encouraged fungi to grow. These have grown on a old stump of wood at the entrance. I am delighted with the shape, delicate vessels to hold water. With time they grow tough and dark in colour.
I am not an fungi expert, but it might be Omphalotus nidiformus the ghost mushroom. I must check at night if it glows greenish.

A shelf fungi has made an appearance as well. 

Monday, 8 February 2016

Kitchen renovation; give me a kitchen and I cook you a meal;

...nearly all done,  waiting for the plasterer to do the cornices.

The Kitchen, small, simple and efficient...

replaced some existing cupboards with new drawers, new cupboards, new range hood.
Kept Mosaic glass tiles, stone counter tops, convenient big sink; at the moment all appliances are still working well.
Moved up the ovens for easier access.
I like the open crockery cupboard.
The chandeliers are  Murano antiques.

All the work was done by a local business, Currumbin Kitchen design. 

The faucet on the right is water from a very deep well, luckily beautifully sweet and mineral rich.
On the left town water.

Billy loves the kitchen for tidbits falling from heaven.

I have not tidied up the kitchen for the photos; after all it is a kitchen, sometimes tidy sometimes not.

,,the old tired looking kitchen.

©Photos Ts/Titania- Everyday;

Sunday, 7 February 2016



Nothing bores me as much as watching a game, be it football, golf,  basketball etc etc.
 If I believed in hell, I imagine it full of people playing all sorts of games, and I am  forced to watch…Ts

“No sight so sad as that of a naughty child," he began, "especially a naughty little girl. Do you know where the wicked go after death?"

"They go to hell," was my ready and orthodox answer.

"And what is hell? Can you tell me that?"

"A pit full of fire."

"And should you like to fall into that pit, and to be burning there for ever?"

"No, sir."

"What must you do to avoid it?"

I deliberated a moment: my answer, when it did come was objectionable: "I must keep in good health and not die.” 
 Jane Eyre

Saturday, 6 February 2016

Sepia Saturday 316; Movies and a child star.

Moving Images;

Shirley Temple as Heidi.
She was the most famous person in the world facilitated by the earliest moving pictures.
The dimpled darling reached fans worldwide in the 1930s by singing and dancing her way through Hollywood movies. 

At three years old, Shirley was enrolled at a Dance Studio in Hollywood, where she was spotted by two talent scouts from a minor studio, Educational Films, which churned out one-reel "Poverty Row" shorts.
 Educational signed her to a two-year contract for 26 short films, at $50 a week. 
The regime at Educational Studios was infantile slave labour. 
Rehearsals would mean two weeks without pay. Each film was then shot at lightning speed in two days. For playing the lead, Shirley received  $10 a day.
For any child who misbehaved, there was the sinister black "punishment box," containing only a large block of ice, in which the obstreperous infant would be forcibly confined to "cool off."
Shirley was put into this box several times, was once forced to work the day after undergoing an operation to pierce her ear-drum and on another occasion to dance on a badly injured foot.

 Friday, July 2, Was a Special Day for Shirley Temple ~ On this day in 1934, Shirley Temple was signed up with Fox Film Corp., going from $150 a week to $1,000 plus bonuses. She was the most popular child star in Hollywood during the 1930s elevating her to the star status of people like Gary Cooper, and Clark Gable.

Shirley Temple Black was born in 1928 and died at 85 in 2014.


My godmother must have been a great fan of Shirley Temple the child star. When she gave birth to a  girl child  she wanted to name her Shirley. The local catholic Priest forbade it as it was considered by his wisdom as not to be a christian name! She had to name her daughter Sirna. Yet she was known to all as Shirley and never called Sirna. 

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Sepia Saturday 316 : 6 February 2016

Thursday, 4 February 2016

Psst... I am reading...

The Brewer's Tale  by Karen Brooks

The Brewer's Tale draws upon real places, events, records and people, as well as a documented political and cultural backdrop. All aspects of beer and ale production, the laws and punishment.

A harsh world, England in the middle ages, the Novel starts in September 1405.
The catholic church had everything in its unholy grip. Superstition, Greed, falsehood, the plague everything was ripe and ready to explode.

The passage of time used in the Novel  are those used then by the catholic church.
Lauds was dawn or earlier
Prime was around 6 AM
Tierce was approx. 9AM
Sext was midday
None around 3 PM
Vespers was 6 PM or dinner time
Compline around 9 PM or bedtime

A good read, highly recommended. Ts

Brewing can be traced back to ancient times. It was one of humans earliest efforts to harness the science of biochemistry. No exact date for the first brew is known. It might have happened  10,000 years ago or more when grains became soaked with water and   began to ferment. The resulting smell might have evoked someones  curiosity to sample the  foaming liquid; and  must have found it good.

Brewing then was  a household project carried out by women and could be sold privately. In the earliest times there was a legal code that forbade brewers to dilute their beer and  from the earliest time a tax and a ceiling price was applied also.

Preparation of beer in those times was similar to brewing procedures used today. It was often flavoured with different herbs and spices to add sweetness or cover to much bitterness. Ts